Yield of <i>Stropharia rugosoannulata</i> Planted under Rubber Plantation and Analysis of Its Quality of Sporophore
Welcome to Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops,

Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 18-23.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2561.2019.01.003

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Yield of Stropharia rugosoannulata Planted under Rubber Plantation and Analysis of Its Quality of Sporophore

HUANG Jianxiong,YUAN Shuna,PAN Jian,ZHENG Dinghua,CHEN Junming,LI Juan,GUI Qing,ZHOU Lijun()   

  1. Rubber Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences / Danzhou Investigation & Experiment Station of Tropical Crops, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs / Research Center for Utilization of Under-forest Resources, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Danzhou, Hainan 571737, China
  • Received:2018-04-02 Revised:2018-08-08 Online:2019-01-15 Published:2019-01-15
  • Contact: ZHOU Lijun

Abstract:

Currently, due to low price of rubber, it is urgently needed to increase the income of rubber plantation. Cultivation of domestic fungus in the rubber plantation was one of the approaches to achieve this goal. By planting Stropharia rugosoannulata on ground, the yield performance of this fungus planted experimentally under rubber plantation and its primary nutritional ingredient was determined. Results showed that air temperature and humidity were suitable for S. rugosoannulata most of the planting period. The yield ranged from 3.46-5.22 kg/m 2. The total content of three major nutritional ingredients of total sugar, crude protein and crude fat reached from 80.5%-85.8%, while ash content, crude polysaccharides, crude fiber and total flavonoids were ranged from 9.15%-9.62%, 5.46%-6.42%, 5.25%-7.35% and 0.153%-0.197%, respectively in the dry sample. Seven mineral elements were assayed, of which the content of potassium and magnesium was relatively higher. The difference of nutritional ingredients of opened-pileus and unopened-pileus S. rugosoannulata was relatively minor. But the nutritional ingredients of pileus was higher than that of stalk. The environment under rubber plantation meets the need of growing S. rugosoannulata judged by yield and nutrition.

Key words: intercropping in mature rubber plantation, Stropharia rugosoannulata, yield, nutritional ingredient