Analysis of Volatile Aroma Compounds in Jackfruit (<i>Artocarpus heterophyllus</i>) of Different Genotypes
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Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (7): 1304-1311.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2561.2019.07.009

• Agricultural Product Processing, Preservation, Storage, Analysis and Detection • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of Volatile Aroma Compounds in Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) of Different Genotypes

HE Shuzhen1,2,3,WU Gang1,2,4,ZHANG Yanjun1,2,3,XU Fei1,2,3,ZHU Kexue1,2,3,TAN Lehe1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1. Spice and Beverage Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Wanning, Hainan 571533, China
    2. National Center of Important Tropical Crops Engineering and Technology Research, Wanning, Hainan 571533, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources Utilization of Spice and Beverage Crops, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Wanning, Hainan, 571533, China
    4. Hainan Provincial Key Laboratory of Genetic Improvement and Quality Regulation for Tropical Spice and Beverage Crops, Wanning, Hainan, 571533, China
  • Received:2018-09-28 Revised:2019-02-14 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-08-01
  • Contact: TAN Lehe


The Malaysia No.1, XYS17, XYS18 and Liulianmi jackfruit accessions were used as materials to evaluate the difference of characteristic aroma compounds. The aromatic profile of different genotypes can provide a theoretical foundation for future breeding program. Headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) were used to analyze the aromatic profile of different jackfruit accessions. Sixty-six aroma compounds were identified in the jackfruit accessions. These four genotypes shared 9 aromatic substances, and showed significant difference in the relative contents, such as 3-methyl-1-butanol, dodecanal, 2-methylbutyl isovalerate, isoamyl acetate, and propyl isovalerate. Malaysia No.1 was characterized by high contents of n-amyl isovalerate, and esters (benzyl acetate), butyl acetate, isoamyl acetate, isobutyl isovalerate, and 2-methylbutyl isovalerate, XYS17 has high contents of isobutyl isovalerate, 2-methylbutyl isovalerate, n-amyl isovalerate, octyl acetate, and decanal, XYS18 has high contents of ethyl isovalerate, butyl isovalerate, ethyl butyrate, methyl isovalerate, and octanal, Liulianmi accession has exhibited contents of 3-methyl-1-butanol, 2-methyl-1butanol, 2-methylbutyl isovalerate, ethyl isovalerate, and 3-methylbutyl 3-methylbutanoate. These results will provide reference for breeding of new verities and exploiting of outstanding jackfruit germplasm in the future.

Key words: jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), germplasm, aroma compositions, aroma analysis

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