The Development of Coconut (<i>Cocos nucifera</i> L.) Tissue Culture Technology in the Past 40 Years: a Review
Welcome to Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops,

Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 2335-2345.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2561.2020.11.027

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The Development of Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) Tissue Culture Technology in the Past 40 Years: a Review

MU Zhihua1,2,LI Zhiying1,LIU Rui1,FAN Haikuo1,*()   

  1. 1. Coconut Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences / Germplasm Repository of Coconut, Wenchang City, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Wenchang, Hainan 571339, China
    2. The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4343, Australia
  • Received:2020-07-10 Revised:2020-08-20 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2020-12-23
  • Contact: FAN Haikuo


Coconut tissue culture is an important technology for the future of the coconut industry. This paper has reviewed many valuable studies in the recent four decades. The importance of coconut tissue culture, differences and advantages of varies of explants (plumule, inflorescence, ovary), the influence of different medium compositions and environmental conditions were presented in detail. A brief summary of many protocols created worldwide and China has been made. Subsequently, the restrains of coconut tissue culture were identified and listed, and some suggestions were made to overcome the limits. This literature review could help the coconut tissue-culturists to further discover the potential of coconut tissue culture.

Key words: coconut, tissue culture, explant, hormone

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