Weed Species, Distribution and Damage on Sisal Plantation and Its Strategy of Control
Welcome to Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops,

Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): 1654-1664.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2561.2020.08.021

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Weed Species, Distribution and Damage on Sisal Plantation and Its Strategy of Control

FAN Zhiwei,LI Xiaoxia,LIU Yan(),XI Jingeng,WANG Ya,SHEN Yide,HUANG Qiaoqiao,YI Kexian()   

  1. Environment and Plant Protection Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences / Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management on Tropical Crops, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, China / Hainan Key Laboratory for Monitoring and Control of Tropical Agricultural Pests, Haikou, Hainan 571101, China
  • Received:2019-07-01 Revised:2019-12-22 Online:2020-08-25 Published:2020-09-17
  • Contact: LIU Yan,YI Kexian

Abstract:

Weed species, distribution and damage on sisal (Agave sisalana) plantation in China were investigated. There were 200 weed species, belonging to 144 genus and 49 families, on sisal plantation, of which 40 species in Poaceae, 24 species in Asteraceae, 20 species in Fabaceae, 10 species in Rubiaceae and in Cyperaceae. There were 79 species in annual weed, 1 species in biennial weed, 100 species in perennial and 20 others. 143 species reproduced with seed reproduction, 57 species with seed, stem, stolon and rhizome reproduction. 68 species were alien invasive weed and 132 species were native weed. Three species (Imperata cylindrica var. major, Panicum repens, Cyperus rotundus) caused damage in 5 degree and 7 species (Eleusine indica, Digitaria setigera, Praxelis clematidea, Spermacoce alata, Erigeron canadensis, Bidens pilosa, Mikania microrantha) in 4 degree. A new viewpoint is proposed that sisal plantation with good cover plants is an ecological plantation and without cover plants cannot be an ecological plantation. Sod culture in sisal plantation can fertilize soil, raise sisal growth, feed animal and control pest.

Key words: sisal, weed species, sod culture, fertilize soil and raise sisal, ecological sisal plantation

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