Welcome to Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops,

Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 609-614.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2561.2020.03.026

• Ecology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of Rubber-cassava Intercropping on Soil Fungal Community Structure in Rhizosphere of Rubber Trees

LIU Zifan,LIU Peipei,YAN Wenjing,MA Xiaowei   

  1. College of Tropical Crops, Hainan University, Haikou, Hainan 570228, China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Revised:2019-08-26 Online:2020-03-25 Published:2020-04-16


To explore the effect of rubber-cassava intercropping on the soil fungal community structure in the rhizosphere of rubber trees, the soil physiochemical properties, fungal community structure in the rhizosphere of rubber trees were analyzed by traditional and high-throughput sequencing techniques. Compared to rubber monoculture, the contents of soil alkalide N, available P, available K, organic matter and Shannon index of fungal diversity in the rhizosphere of rubber trees of rubber-cassava intercropping were significantly decreased, but the Simpson index was significantly increased. In addition, there were no significant differences for soil pH and chao1 index. Ascomycota, Zygomycota and Basidiomycota were the three dominant fungi at phylum level for both intercropping and monoculture treatments, but compared to monoculture, the relative abundance of Zygomycota and Basidiomycota were decreased, and Ascomycota was increased to 91.54% in intercropping treatment. At the genus level, the top 10 fungal genera accounted for 61.30%-65.59% of the total genera. The relative abundance of Phyllosticta, Gibberella and Lecythophora were higher in the intercropping treatment. The α-diversity of fungi was not only interfered by the content of soil alkalide nitrogen, available phosphorus and potassium, but was also affected by the content of soil organic matter. It indicated that rubber-cassava intercropping significantly decreased soil nutrients content and fungal diversity in the rhizosphere of rubber trees. Meanwhile, the relative abundance of soil pathogenic fungi in the rhizosphere was also enriched by intercropping treatment.

Key words: rubber tree intercropping with cassava, high-throughput sequencing, rhizosphere soil, fungal community structure

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