Advances in Protection and Utilization of <i>Tamarindus indica</i> L. Germplasm Resources
Welcome to Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops,

Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 202-209.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2561.2020.01.027

• Ecology and Review • Previous Articles    

Advances in Protection and Utilization of Tamarindus indica L. Germplasm Resources

QU Wenlin1,2,MA Kaihua1,2,SONG Zibo4,DUAN Yuetang1,2,LEI Xiao1,2,JIN Jie1,2,ZHAO Qiongling1,2,HE Lu1,2,SHA Yucang3,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Tropical Eco-agriculture Sciences, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yuanmou, Yunnan 651300, China
    2. Yuanmou Dry Hot Valley Botanical Garden, Yuanmou, Yunnan 651300, China
    3. Horticultural Research Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650205, China
    4. Yunnan Maoduoli Group Food Co., Ltd., Yuxi, Yunnan 653100, China
  • Received:2019-03-18 Revised:2019-07-23 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-01-21
  • Contact: SHA Yucang

Abstract:

Tamarindus indica L. is a widely used tropical resource plant, its fruit is rich in nutrition and the trunk can be used for many uses. T. indica has a very high prospect in the development of food industry. Compared with other economic fruit trees, the research on the protection and utilization of T. indica germplasm resources is relatively lagging, which seriously restricts the innovation and genetic improvement of T. indica. In this paper, the origin and distribution, the collection and conservation of germplasm resources, the biological characteristics of reproduction, and the conventional breeding of fine varieties were introduced. Then, through the review of the morphology, the influence of ecological factors on the morphological variation and the genetic diversity of the population, the progress of the genetic diversity of T. indica was comprehensively analyzed. And the application of molecular marker technology in the study of genetic diversity of T. indica was summarized. Finally, the problems, standards and norms in the research of germplasm resources of T. indica were discussed, and specific suggestions for further protection and utilization were put forward, in order to provide reference for the future research on the protection and genetic improvement of germplasm resources of T. indica.

Key words: Tamarindus indica L., germplasm resources, protection, utilization

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