Welcome to Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops,

Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (12): 2328-2332.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2561.2019.12.003

• Crop Culture and Nutrition, Genetic Breeding • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Preliminary Comparing of Agronomic Traits and Yield Between Three Different Banana Disease-resistant Varieties

LIN Fei,SUN Peiguang,DING Zheli,HE Yingdui,LI Jingyang,WANG Lixia,HUANG Dongmei,TANG Fenling,WANG Bizun()   

  1. Haikou Experimental Station, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences / Hainan Banana Healthy Seedling Breeding Engineering Technology Research Center / Hainan Key Laboratory of Banana Genetic Improvement / Banana Research Center, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Haikou, Hainan 571101, China
  • Received:2019-03-10 Revised:2019-06-06 Online:2019-12-25 Published:2019-12-20
  • Contact: WANG Bizun


Fusarium wilt is a global destructive disease for banana production, which can’t be effectively controlled. Breeding resistant varieties is one of the important measures to control it. The author conducted a plot experiment for three banana resistant varieties on the biological characteristics, agronomic traits, yield and morbidity. There were no big differences between ‘Nantian Huang’ and ‘Guikang 2’ varieties, but there were significant differences between ‘Zhongjiao 9’ and others. The growth period for ‘Nantian Huang’ and ‘Guikang 2’ was 383 and 393 days, separately, but the growth period for ‘Zhongjiao 9’ was 447 days. The agronomic traits for ‘Nantian Huang’ and ‘Guikang 2’ were not different obviously, and the short stalk, banana pesudostem height for the two was 285 and 298 cm separately. The average banana pesudostem for ‘Zhongjiao 9’ was 340 cm. The fruit index for ‘Nantian Huang’ and ‘Guikang 2’ was 21, and the fruit shape was moderate, which was similar to that of Banana Brazil. The fruit index was 16 for ‘Zhongjiao 9’, and the fruit shape was straighter and larger. The yield for ‘Zhongjia 9’ was the highest, which was 24.9 kg/bunch weight, and the yield for ‘Nantian Huang’ and ‘Guikang 2’ was 23.5 and 23.2 kg/bunch weight separately. The incidence rate of Fusarium wilt for ‘Nantian Huang’, ‘Guikang 2’ and ‘Zhongjiao 9’ was 0, 0.6% and 4.7% separately. In summary, ‘Nantian Huang’ and ‘Guikang 2’ are more suitable as Banana Fusarium wilt disease-resistant varieties, and more suitable for large-scale demonstration work for the future.

Key words: banana, Fusarium wilt resistant varieties, agronomic traits, yield, morbidity

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