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热带作物学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 994-1000.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2561.2020.05.020

• 植物病理、作物病虫害及其防治 • 上一篇    下一篇

广西芒果病虫害发生情况和防治现状调查与分析

韩冬银1,3,邢楚明1,3,李磊1,3,陈永森2,张方平1,3,陈俊谕1,3,牛黎明1,3,符悦冠1,*()   

  1. 1. 中国热带农业科学院环境与植物保护研究所,海南海口 571101
    2. 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所,广西南宁 530001
    3. 农业农村部热带作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室,海南海口 571101
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-26 修回日期:2019-08-23 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 符悦冠 E-mail:fygcatas@163.com
  • 作者简介:韩冬银(1980—),女,硕士,副研究员,研究方向:农业昆虫与害虫防治。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0202100);海南省重大科技计划项目(ZDKJ2017003);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(1630042017020)

Investigation and Analysis on the Occurrence and Current Control Status of Mango Diseases and Insect Pests in Guangxi

HAN Dongyin1,3,XING Chuming1,3,LI Lei1,3,CHEN Yongsen2,ZHANG Fangping1,3,CHEN Junyu1,3,NIU Liming1,3,FU Yueguan1,*()   

  1. 1. Environment and Plant Protection Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropic Agricultural Sciences, Haikou, Hainan 571101, China
    2. Guangxi Subtropical Crops Research Institute, Nanning, Guangxi 530001, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management on Tropical Grops, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Haikou, Hainan 571101, China
  • Received:2019-06-26 Revised:2019-08-23 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-06-15
  • Contact: FU Yueguan E-mail:fygcatas@163.com

摘要:

为准确了解当前广西芒果病虫害的防治现状及存在的问题,本研究通过网络平台、会议交流、实地调查等形式进行调研并统计分析,以期为芒果病虫害的绿色防控提供基础数据。广西芒果产区经营方式主要以家庭农场经营为主,占70.83%;种植品种主要包括‘台农’、‘桂7’、‘金煌’、‘热农1号’、‘贵妃’、‘桂10’和‘金兴’等,且71.58%的果园同时种有2个或2个以上品种。总体上芒果病害的发生为害程度较虫害严重,以芒果细菌性黑斑病和炭疽病最为严重。芒果病虫害使用最普遍的防治方法为施用化学药剂,且98.95%的种植户单次用药选择2种或2种以上混配使用,其中单次选用2~3种药剂混配的占55.32%。对于选择药剂的方式,不同种植年限的种植户不同,总体上,44.34%的种植户依靠自己经验或邻居介绍,36.79%依靠农药店推荐,18.87%按农技人员指导用药。药剂成本的投入在200~1000元/667 m 2不等,但是药剂投入与产量并没有成正比关系。

关键词: 芒果, 病虫害, 防控现状, 化学药剂, 调查

Abstract:

To clarify the current control status and existing problems of mango diseases and insect pests control in Guangxi and provide some basic data for the green prevention and control, a series of data were collected and analyzed by the network voting, questionnaire investigation and field survey. Family farms are dominated in Guangxi, accountted for 70.83%. The mango varieties mainly include ‘Tainong’, ‘GUI 7’, ‘Jinhuang’, ‘Renong 1’, ‘Guifei’, ‘GUI 10’ and ‘Jin xing’. 71.58% of mango orchards have two or more varieties. Generally, the occurrence of mango diseases is more serious than those of insect pests in Guangxi. Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Xanthomonas campestris are the most serious diseases. Chemical control is the most favorite method against the mango diseases and insect pests. 98.95% of farmers adopt the practice of mixing two or more kinds of pesticides when application, 55.32% of farmers choose 2 to 3 kinds of pesticides to mix. The pesticide selection is different. 44.34% farmers rely on their own experience or neighbors, 36.79% rely on the recommendation of pesticide stores, and 18.87% rely on the guidance by agricultural technicians. The input cost of pesticides ranges from 200 to 1000 yuan/667 m 2, but there is no positive correlation between the input cost and mango yield.

Key words: mango, disease and insect pest, status of disease and insect pest, investigation

中图分类号: 

  • S435.79