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热带作物学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 868-873.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2561.2020.05.004

• 作物栽培与营养、遗传育种 • 上一篇    下一篇

改良营养液对露地酸性土壤矿物质元素含量及其生物有效性的影响

邓爱妮1,酒元达1,吴彬1,刘子记2,赵敏1,*()   

  1. 1. 中国热带农业科学院分析测试中心/海南省热带果蔬产品质量安全重点实验室,海南海口 571101
    2. 中国热带农业科学院热带作物品种资源研究所,海南儋州 571737
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-09 修回日期:2019-09-30 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 赵敏 E-mail:zmhb313@163.com
  • 作者简介:邓爱妮(1986—),女,硕士,助理研究员,研究方向:酸性土壤质量控制与农产品质量安全。
  • 基金资助:
    中国热带农业科学院基本科研业务费专项项目(1630082019004);中国热带农业科学院基本科研业务费专项科技成果转化应用项目(1630082019006);农业农村部部门预算项目“粮经轮作模式关键技术优化提升与集成示范”

Effects of Improved Liquid Fertilizer on Soil Mineral Elements and Bioavailability in Open-air Field Acid Soil

DENG Aini1,JIU Yuanda1,WU Bin1,LIU Ziji2,ZHAO Min1,*()   

  1. 1. Analysis & Testing Center, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences / Hainan Provincial Key Laboratory of Quality and Safety for Tropical Fruits and Vegetables, Haikou, Hainan 571101, China
    2. Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Danzhou, Hainan 571737, China
  • Received:2019-07-09 Revised:2019-09-30 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-06-15
  • Contact: ZHAO Min E-mail:zmhb313@163.com

摘要:

本研究选取露地樱桃番茄酸性土壤为试验对象,分别施用复合肥、复合肥-改良液追肥,比较分析改良液配施下土壤pH、阳离子交换量、交换性钙镁和有效铜、锰、锌、铁含量及其在樱桃番茄植株新叶和果实样品中的含量变化趋势,探讨改良液配施对露地酸性土壤、植株和果实中矿物质元素含量的影响。结果表明:改良液配施追肥的试验区土壤pH提升了0.3个单位,复合肥单施追肥的对照区土壤pH下降了0.2个单位;随着改良液施用时间的增加,试验区土壤阳离子交换量和交换性钙含量显著高于对照区,有效铜含量显著低于对照区,对交换性镁、有效锰、锌、铁含量的影响不明显;改良液施用过程中不会产生植株缺素或过量的危害,可以替代部分化肥施用于露地酸性土壤。

关键词: 露地酸性土壤, 改良营养液, 樱桃番茄, pH, 矿物质元素

Abstract:

The effects of the application of compound fertilizer and compound fertilizer-improved liquid fertilizer on the changes of soil pH, cation exchange capacity, exchangeable calcium and magnesium, available copper, manganese, zinc, iron, plumbum, cadmium, chromium, nickel in the cherry-tomato acid soilwere studied. The application of improved liquid fertilizer could increase the treated plot soil pH, cation exchange capacity and exchangeable calcium significantly compared with the control, and decrease the soil available copper significantly, but had little effects on soil exchangeable magnesium and available manganese, zinc, iron. The improved liquid fertilizer would not produce damage of plant element deficiency or excessive during the fertilization process. It could be used in the Open-air field acid soil instead of some conventional fertilizers.

Key words: Open-air field acid soil, improved liquid, cherry-tomato, pH, mineral elements

中图分类号: 

  • S156.99